References – Fever


Androkites A et al (1998) Comparison of axillary and infrared tympanic membrane thermometry in a pediatric oncology outpatient setting. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. 15, 4, 216-222.

Banitalebi, H. & Bangstad, H.J. (2002) Measurement of fever in children – is infrared thermometry reliable? Tidsskr Nor Loageforen. 122(28): 2700-2701.

Barton, JS.J., Gaffney, R., Chase, T., Rayens, M.K. & Piyabanditkul, L. (2003) Pediatric temperature measurement and child/parent/nurse preference using three temperature measurement instruments. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 18(5): 314-320.

Broome, M.E. et al., (2003) A study of parent/grandparent education for managing a febrile illness using the CALM approach. Journal of Pediatric Health Care. 17: 176-183.

Browne, G.J., Currow,K., & Rainbow, J. (2001) Practical approach to the febrile child in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine. 13: 426-435.

Carson S, M (2003) Alternating Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen in the Febrile Child: Examination of the Evidence Regarding Efficacy and Safety. Pediatric Nursing. 29, 5, 379-382.

Casey, G. (2000) Fever management in children. Paediatric Nursing. 12(3): 38-43.

Cimpello, L.B., Goldman, D.L., Khine, H. (2000) Fever pathophysiology. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 1: 84-93.

Craig, J.V., Lancaster, G.A., Taylor, S., Williamson, P.R., & Smyth, R.L. (2002) Infrared ear thermometry compared with rectal thermometry in children: a systematic review. The Lancet. 360: 603-609.

Crocetti M, Moghbeli N, Serwint J. (2001) Fever phobia revisited: have parental misconceptions about fever changed in 20 years? Pediatrics. 107(6):1241-1246.

Czaykowski, D. et al (1994) Evaluation of the antipyretic efficacy of single dose ibuprofen suspension compared to acetaminophen elixir in febrile children.  Paediatric Research. 35, 4, 2, Abstr 829.

Erickson, R.S., Meyer, L.T. & Woo, T.M.(1996) Accuracy of chemical dot thermometers in critically ill adults and young children. IMAGE: Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 28, 1, 23-28.

Goldman, R.D., Ko, K., Linett,L.J. & Scolnik, D. (2004) Antipyretic efficacy and safety of ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Annals of Pharmacotherapy. 38(1): 146-150.

Huang M-C., Liu, C-C., Chi, Y-C., Huang, C-C., & Cain, K. Parental concerns for the child with febrile convulsion; long term effects of educational interventions. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 103:288-293

Ipp M, Jaffe D. (1993) Physicians’ attitudes toward the diagnosis and management of fever in children 3 months to 2 years of age. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1993 32(2):66-70.

Jean-Mary, M.B., Dicanzio, J., Shaw, J. & Bernstein, H.H. (2002) Limited accuracy and reliability of infrared and axillary and aural thermometers in a pediatric outpatient population. The Journal of Pediatrics. 141(5): 671-676.

Kocoglu, H., Goksu, S., Isik, M., Akturk, Z., & Bayazit, Y.A. (2002) Infrared tympanic thermometer can accurately measure the body temperature in children in an emergency room setting. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 65: 39-43.

Lanham, D.M. Walker, B., Klocke, E., Jennings, M. (1999) Accuracy of tympanic temperature readings in children under 6 years of age. Pediatric Nursing. 25(1): 39-42.

Lesko SM, Louik C et al. Asthma morbidity after short-term use of ibuprofen in children. Pediatrics. 2002 109 (2); e20.

Lesko, S.M. (2003) the safety of ibuprofen suspension in children. International Journal of Clinical Practice. Supplement. 135:50-53.

Lesko SM, Mitchell AA. an assessment of the safety of paediatric ibuprofen.  A practitioner-based randomised clinical trial. JAMA 1995;273:929-33.

Losek, J.D. (2004) Acetaminophen dose accuracy and pediatric emergency care. Pediatric Emergency Care. 20(5): 285-288.

Mayoral C, E et al (2000) Alternating antipyretics: is this an alternative? Pediatrics. 105(5), 1009-1012.

Meremikwu, M. & Oyo-Ita, A. (2002) Paracetamol for treating fever in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online: Update Software) 2: CD003676.

Meremikwu, M. & Oyo-Ita, A. (2004) Physical methods for treating fever in children (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2004. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Morley, C., Murray, M. & Whybrew, K. The relative accuracy of accuracy of mercury, Tempa-DOT and FeverScan thermometers. Early Human Development. 53: 171-178.

O’Neill-Murphy, K., Liebman, M. & Barnsteiner, J.H. (2001) Fever education: does it reduce parent fever anxiety? Pediatric Emergency Care. 17(1):47-51.

Plaisance, K.L. (2000) Toxicities of drugs used in management of fever. Clin Infect Dis. 31: S219-S223.

Poirier, M.P., Davis, P.H., Gonzalez-del Rey, J.A. & Monroe, K.W. (2000) Pediatric emergency department nurses’ perspectives on fever in children. Pediatric Emergency Care.16(1):9-12.

Porter, R.S. & Wenger, F.G. (2000) Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric fever by caretakers. The Journal of Emergency Medicine.19(1):1–4.

Purssell, E. (2002) Treating fever in children: paracetamol or ibubrofen? British Journal of Community Nursing. 7(6): 316-320.

Rosman, N.P. (2003) Evaluation of the child who convulses with fever. Pediatric Drugs. 5(7): 457-461.

Sarrell, M. & Kahan, E. (2003) Impact of a single-session education program on parental knowledge of and approach to childhood fever. Patient Education and Counseling. 51: 59–63

van Stuijvenberg, M., de Vos, S., Tijang, G., Steyerberg, E., Derksen-Lubsen, G. & Moll, H. (1999) Parents’ fear regarding fever and febrile seizures. Acta Paediatrica. 88(6): 618-622.

Wahba, H. (2004) The antipyretic effect of ibuprofen and acetaminophen in children. Pharmacotherapy. 24(2): 280-284.

Watts, R., Robertson, J. & Thomas,G. (2003) The nursing management of fever in children: a systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 9(1):S1-S8
Wilshaw R et al (1999) A comparison of the use of tympanic, axillary, and rectal thermometers in infants. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 14(2): 88-93.


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